Efforts are made to form an efficient synergy of pollution reduction and carbon reduction
Recently, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and other 7 departments jointly issued the “Implementation Plan for Synergistic Efficiency of Pollution Reduction and Carbon Reduction”, proposing that the work pattern of synergistic promotion of pollution reduction and carbon reduction will be basically formed by 2025, and the synergistic ability of pollution reduction and carbon reduction will be formed by 2030. Significantly improve other work goals. As an important part of the “1+N” policy system of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, the introduction of the plan will further mobilize the enthusiasm of all parties, stimulate the greater potential of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, and promote the coordinated governance of pollution reduction and carbon reduction to become the construction of a beautiful China the main melody.
is different from the process in developed countries that solve environmental pollution first and then deal with climate change. my country must reduce pollution and achieve a fundamental improvement in the quality of the ecological environment. At the same time, it must effectively control carbon emissions to achieve carbon peaking and carbon neutrality. solid foundation. The coordinated promotion of pollution reduction and carbon reduction has become an inevitable choice for my country’s comprehensive green transformation in the new development stage.
In recent years, while the urban population and energy consumption have continued to increase, the concentration of fine particulate matter (PM_2.5) and carbon emission intensity in China have declined significantly. In 2021, the average concentration of PM_2.5 in cities at the prefecture level and above will drop to 30 micrograms/m3, a decrease of 34.8% compared with 2015. The reason for this is that the relevant agencies’ evaluation of the three-year action plan for pollution prevention and control from 2018 to 2020 shows that measures such as industrial upgrading and renovation and civil energy cleaning have contributed. At the same time, the three-year action on pollution prevention and control has also had a significant effect on carbon dioxide emission reduction, with a cumulative carbon reduction of 490 million tons nationwide. In 2020, my country’s carbon emission intensity will be 18.8% lower than that in 2015, basically reversing the rapid growth of carbon dioxide emissions.
Practice shows that environmental pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions have a high degree of the same root, the same source, the same process characteristics and the characteristics of emission time and space consistency. Fossil energy consumption, industrial production, transportation, and residents’ life are all environmental pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. The main source of gas emissions, which means that pollution reduction and carbon reduction have consistent control objects, and the two tasks can be promoted in concert to a large extent.
It is necessary to do a good job in the top-level design of integrated planning and deployment, integrated promotion and assessment. Coordinate the emission reduction requirements in air, water, soil, solid waste, greenhouse gases and other fields, and on the basis of scientifically grasping the integrity of pollution prevention and climate governance, further deepen environmental governance with carbon peaking actions, and use environmental governance to boost high-quality carbon emissions Reach the peak, improve the comprehensive efficiency of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, and achieve multi-win environmental benefits, climate benefits and economic benefits.
It is necessary to build a task system for the integrated promotion of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, and highlight source governance, systematic governance, and comprehensive governance. Strengthen the prevention and control at the source, including strengthening the zoning control of the ecological environment, strengthening the access management of the ecological environment, promoting the green and low-carbon transformation of energy, and accelerating the formation of a green lifestyle. Highlight key areas, and promote synergies in pollution reduction and carbon reduction around the fields of industry, transportation, urban and rural construction, agriculture, and ecological construction. Optimize environmental governance, and promote the prevention and control of air, water, soil, and solid waste pollution and the coordinated control of greenhouse gases. Explore and carry out pilot projects of collaborative control, transformation and upgrading, promote the utilization of sewage resources, promote the planting of trees and afforestation on polluted land to increase sinks, and plan and construct new energy projects according to local conditions.
Collaborative governance of pollution reduction and carbon reduction can only increase efficiency if it is implemented. Therefore, it is even more important to focus on creating an action model for the integrated implementation of pollution reduction and carbon reduction. In this process, it is necessary to encourage key regions, cities, parks, and enterprises to carry out collaborative innovation in pollution reduction and carbon reduction based on their own development level, resource endowment, and emission control potential, and form typical practices and effective models with their own characteristics. On the basis of multi-level and multi-field pilots, from point to point, and by extension, a new pattern of efficient coordination of pollution reduction and carbon reduction will be formed in the whole society. (Jin Guanping)