Promote green and low-carbon development of key industries
Recently, six departments including the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the “Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Action Plan”, which proposed that by 2025, the energy consumption per unit of added value of industrial enterprises above designated size should be reduced by 13.5% compared with 2020.
The energy consumption in the industrial sector accounts for about 65% of the energy consumption of the whole society, and it is one of the key areas and main battlefields of energy conservation. There are a large number of energy-consuming enterprises in my country’s industrial sector, covering a wide range of areas. Accelerating the promotion of industrial energy conservation and efficiency improvement is not only conducive to improving the efficiency of enterprise energy resource utilization and reducing energy costs, but also promoting the upgrading of technological processes and production equipment in key industries and improving the industry. Green and low-carbon development level.
In recent years, the level of industrial energy efficiency in my country has been continuously improved. The energy consumption per unit of added value of industrial enterprises above designated size will decrease by 5.6% in 2021 on the basis of a 16% decrease in the “13th Five-Year Plan” period. Steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, petrochemical chemicals The energy efficiency level of key energy-consuming industries such as these has been significantly improved, and the output value of energy-saving and environmental protection industries has exceeded 8 trillion yuan, with an annual growth rate of more than 10%.
“Focusing on energy conservation and carbon reduction in the industrial sector, we have promoted the construction of a green manufacturing policy and standard system, and built a number of green factories, green industrial parks, and green supply chain management companies. At the same time, we have strengthened technological breakthroughs, standard guidance, demonstration and promotion, and gradually Build a full-chain green product supply system from basic raw materials to final consumer goods.” Xin Guobin, Deputy Minister of Industry and Information Technology, introduced that since the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”, more than 20,000 kinds of green products, more than 4,000 kinds of energy-saving and water-saving products have been promoted. Technology and equipment for comprehensive utilization of resources.
However, it should also be noted that industrial energy conservation and efficiency improvement still faces problems such as increasing difficulty in tapping energy conservation potential in key energy-using industries, low level of green energy structure, and shortcomings in energy-saving and efficiency-enhancing technological innovation and equipment promotion.
To this end, the “Action Plan” proposes to strengthen the optimization of energy systems in key industries, the utilization of waste heat and pressure, the utilization of renewable energy, and the transformation of public and auxiliary facilities; continue to carry out the construction of national green data centers, and improve the energy efficiency of information processing equipment such as network equipment ; Strengthen the two-way interaction between energy supply and demand, make overall use of different energy types such as fossil energy and renewable energy, and actively build an industrial energy structure that is multi-energy efficient and complementary to electricity, heat, cooling, and gas; Energy-using equipment, continue to carry out special actions to improve energy efficiency, increase the application of high-efficiency energy-using equipment, and strengthen the matching energy-saving transformation and operation control optimization of key energy-using equipment systems.
“In the construction of energy management and control centers in key energy-consuming industries and enterprises such as steel, building materials, petrochemicals, and chemicals, the overall energy consumption can be reduced by about 3%. The operation efficiency of the equipment.” said Liu Wenqiang, vice president of the China Electronics and Information Industry Development Research Institute.
In view of the comprehensive energy efficiency improvement of enterprise parks, the “Action Plan” clarifies that the “leader” system of energy efficiency in key energy-using industries will be implemented, and the construction of super energy-efficient factories will be explored; The comprehensive energy efficiency level of the industrial chain and supply chain.
According to the actual development of the industry, the “Action Plan” sets out specific goals: by 2025, the proportion of new high-efficiency energy-saving motors will reach more than 70%, the new high-efficiency energy-saving transformers will account for more than 80%, and new large-scale, super The power utilization efficiency of large-scale data centers is better than 1.3, and the proportion of power in the industrial sector accounts for 30% of the final energy consumption. 100 energy-efficiency “leader” companies will be selected in key energy-using industries, and 10 super energy-efficient factories will be explored.
How to achieve the above goals? The relevant person in charge of the Department of Energy Conservation and Comprehensive Utilization of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said that, first of all, it is necessary to strengthen policy guidance, implement the “dual control” system of energy consumption, manage the binding indicators of energy consumption intensity, and effectively enhance the flexibility of total energy consumption management. For regions whose energy consumption intensity is reduced to the incentive target issued by the state, the total energy consumption is exempted from the assessment in the current energy consumption “double control” assessment. Coordinate the use of existing financial funds, government investment funds and other channels to promote the improvement of industrial energy efficiency. Implement preferential tax policies such as energy conservation and water conservation, and increase government procurement of green products. Integrate differential electricity price policies such as differential electricity price, tiered electricity price, and punitive electricity price, and establish a unified tiered electricity price system for high-energy-consuming industries.
Secondly, green finance should be actively developed, and financial institutions should be encouraged to provide high-quality financial services for key projects with significant energy-saving and carbon-reduction effects under the premise of controllable risks and sustainable business. Give full play to the role of the national industry-integration cooperation platform, establish a special project for energy conservation and efficiency improvement in the industrial green development project library, support enterprises to carry out technological transformation, give full play to the role of the first (set) of major technical equipment and key new materials to apply the insurance compensation mechanism for the first time, and support compliance with Green and low-carbon technology and equipment application.